ADHD, Brain Functioning, and Transcendental Meditation Practice
Authors: Travis, Frederick; Grosswald, Sarina; Stixrud, William,
Published: Mind and Brain: The Journal of Psychiatry, 2011; 2 (1), pp 73-81
Methods: This random-assignment pilot study investigated effects of Transcendental Meditation (TM) practice on task performance and brain functioning in 18 ADHD students, age 11–14 years. Students were pretested, randomly assigned to Transcendental Meditation or delayed-start comparison groups, and posttested at 3- and 6-months. Delayed-start students learned Transcendental Meditation after the 3-month post-test.
Results: Three months Transcendental Meditation practice resulted in significant decreases in theta/beta ratios, increased theta coherence, a trend for increased alpha and beta1 coherence, and increased Letter Fluency. The delayed-start group similarly had decreased theta/beta ratios and increased letter fluency at the 6-month post-test, after they practiced Transcendental Meditation for 3 months. Also, all students significantly improved on five ADHD-symptoms over the six months of the study, as reported in the parent’s survey. These findings warrant additional research to assess the impact of Transcendental Meditation practice as a non-drug treatment of ADHD.
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