Awareness and Cognition: The Role of Awareness Training in Child Development
Author: Warner, Tifrah Q.
Published: Journal of Social Behavior & Personality; 2005, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p47-64.
Methods: This study examined the role of awareness in cognition and the impact of training of awareness. Two groups of children ages 5 to 11 were studied (N = 126). One group included children who received training of awareness in the form of either the Transcendental Meditation (TM) technique or Word of Wisdom, a related technique for children under 10 years of age (n = 60). The main variables were 2 mental capacities defined in terms of awareness, Working Memory and Attention, and Cognitive Competence, defined in terms of Piaget’ s conservation tasks. Regression analyses found awareness capacities to significantly account for cognitive competence.
Results: Advanced cognitive performance was found associated with awareness training, and this performance was related to length of practice of the techniques for 4 out of 7 cognitive measures. Awareness is a construct that offers new conceptual and research avenues.
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